Basic research is also known as fundamental or pure research since it is mainly concerned with the improvement of scientific knowledge. The important and very difficult question for those responsible for funding science is how to be on the winning side. However, applied research is largely particular as it is focused on very specific topics which seek to answer certain problems. Conversely, applied research is directed towards finding a solution to the problem under consideration. These types of studies are complementary to each.
Your question is interesting, no doubt, but responses will not be as straightforward as the question comes to mind. It is a personal research for clinical research work. I have seen mathematics papers which do not bother about any applications at all. On the other hand, applied research is more practical and descriptive in nature as it seeks to alleviate current problems in various fields and is mostly concerned with end-usage. Basic research does only promise a contribution to question, not to anything else, but it can give the most unexpected applications.
It is intended to answer why, what or how questions and increase understanding of fundamental principles. It is explanatory in nature. Last accessed on November 16, 2004. The investigation of the natural phenomena as contrasted with applied research. Applied research is designed and geared towards to solving specific practical problems or resolution of a particular question rather than generating knowledge and enriching the existing knowledge. For example, someone interested in financial markets and investor behavior may watch the stock market to gain a better understanding of how markets move. Last accessed on November 16, 2004.
John Dudovskiy Table adapted from Saunders, M. Knowledge for its own sake always will be important, and is the basis for subsequent developments in applied science and engineering. No, this method is due to an investigation in pure science, made with the object of discovering what is the nature of Electricity. Last accessed on November 16, 2004. I agree with Dr Kamal, Mahfuz and Jurgen. While qualitative and quantitative classification is based on the type of data and methods used, pure and applied classification is based on the of the research. This type of research makes a specific contribution to the academic body of knowledge in the research area.
It has been claimed that decisions concerning scientific research topics and the publication of research results are purely methodological, and that any moral considerations refer only to research methods and uses of acquired knowledge. Studying the relationship between genetics and cancer, observing the behaviour of children to identify the effectiveness of various interventions are some examples of applied research studies. Last accessed on November 16, 2004. Know the differences between basic and applied research that have been outlined here. That being said, basic research often does create the foundation that is required for other researchers to apply to solving a problem.
Basic research could be considered the foundation of knowledge which provides people with the basic information they need to pursue particular areas of research. The managers generally carry out applied research and it is used in day to day life. It searches for knowledge with a specific application in mind. The purpose is to try ideas in the context of educational classroom settings. While I agree with Dr.
Last accessed on November 16, 2004. Basic Research Both applied and basic research are important to the scientific process. Focused, systematic study and investigation undertaken to discover the applications and uses of theories, knowledge, and principles in actual work or in solving problems. User assumes all risk of use, damage, or injury. Fundamental research can yield unpredictable applications in the future, and applied research can yield new fundamental questions for curiosity-driven research. Subsequently, magnetic resonance imaging became a multi-million industry although none of the early scientists had any idea that their work would lead to medical imaging technology of such practical significance.
However, data gathering challenges such as ethics and validity issues may arise specially when testing procedures may pose harm for humans and animals. Utilizing pure research to develop real-world products. Basic research lays down the foundation for the applied science that follows. Fundamental research and Applied research are complementary factors like the two sides of a coin. Deliberate manipulation is always a part of the experimental research.
Successful research grants are expected to have accurate time-tables and impact plans, but the best frontier research cannot be predicted in that way. Differences between Fundamental and Applied Research Differences between applied and fundamental research have been specified in a way that fundamental research studies individual cases without generalizing, and recognizes that other variables are in constant change. It is, thus, indirect in its approach. Pure research is driven by interest or curiosity in the relationships between two or more variables. Applied research is descriptive in nature. Thus, restrictions are applied in employing the respective study procedures.
It has placed its emphasis on a problem here and now in a local setting. Applied research is used in a variety of fields such as medicine, technology, education, or agriculture. When it comes to the applications of research the research can be classified into basic and applied research. National Security Decision Directive 189: Fundamental Research defined: basic and applied research in science and engineering, the results of which are available to interested scientific community. At the same time the development of applied fields demand expanding or creating new theories to be tested and solve better a new applied problem, since as long as we continue to live on earth in this form, problems are changing and new ones are being created in complexity and therefore theories of higher complexities should be developed as well.