Should government curtail individual freedom to advance collective equality? Krebs Family Professor, Department of Political Science, and a Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution. Analysing multiple cross-national units also furthers our understanding of the similarities, differences and relationships between the case study itself, and the geo-political, economic, and socio-cultural factors that would otherwise escape unaccounted. A report by a researcl panel in Comparative Government was published in 1944. The most damaging form of selection bias to the validity of the research is when only case s that support the theory being hypothesised are analysed. My hunch is that, at present, most people see the major line of division between experimental and non-experimental, i.
For the study of one country to be considered comparative, it is essential that the findings of the research are referenced into a larger framework which engages in a systematic comparison of analogous phenomena. Lijphart and the comparative method There are many different ways to describe the field of social science methods. First, researchers may have difficulty finding sufficiently similar cases to control for other possible factors. It was discussed to a considerable extent at the round table on the teaching of Political Science organized by the International Political Science Association in 1952 and in the subsequent report by W. David Levi-Faur's course at the University of Haifa. Third, when possible cases are limited, data selection may pre-determine the hypothesis. He is the author of Inside Rebellion: The Politics of Insurgent Violence Cambridge University Press , which received the William Riker Prize for the best book on political economy.
For example, a comparative scholar may study the frequency of intrastate warfare among two, three or four states in Central Africa where natural resources like diamonds are looted. He is also The Thomas Rohlen Center Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies. Because of the growth of international contacts, scientific, political or economic comparisons between different countries, as well as knowledge of foreign institutions; are of great political value. Substantively, I am working on party competition and parties as organizations. It is now generally believed that the parliamentary system of government, as obtainable in Britain, cannot work in India and Pakistan on the same lines and with the same ease and facility. When I was in graduate school several years ago, my friends and I would routinely share our reading notes with one another. They are most prevalent in studies of processes and institutions involving only one country.
The study of processes and institutions within two or more countries has been criticised for producing less in-depth information compared to studies involving one country Franzese, 2007. Vicky Fouka is an Assistant Professor of Political Science at Stanford University. Initially, the site was an editable wiki like Wikipedia. General comparisons, therefore, could be made and they would amount to a detailed examination of the content of both sides of the operation. Quite simply, the singular analysis of an institution or process involving only one country often fails to provide a global set of inferences to accurately theorise a process Harro and Hauge, 2003. This can mean long-term field research in case countries. Weinstein is a Professor of Political Science, and Senior Fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies.
He said that all governments processed inputs and transformed them into outputs. Inevitably, studying more than one country lends the study a greater field of which to analyse. He is also the co-author of Coethnicity: Diversity and the Dilemmas of Collective Action Russell Sage Foundation , which received the Gregory Luebbert Award for the best book in comparative politics. Boustead, Rosalie Liccardo Pacula, Katherine M. During the last ten years or so, Plümper has seen the advent of sophisticated quantitative research, as it has been practiced for decades in the United States. In some ways this tension is paralleled by two equally pervasive tensions: between those who are primarily inductive in their approach and those preferring a more deductive orientation; as well as a tension between those who are primarily oriented toward qualitative rather than quantitative methods.
From this point of view, this work represents a good example of a research conducted according to the Most Different Systems Design. Robert Franzese claims that the relative loss of detail which results from analysing large amounts of cross-national cases, does not justify retreating to qualitative study of a few cases Franzese, 2007. He is the author of Reputation and International Cooperation: Sovereign Debt Across Three Centuries and numerous articles in political science and economics journals. However, this should not obscure that Lijphart actually declares the comparative method to be weaker than experimental and statistical methods p. Tomz has published in the fields of international relations, American politics, comparative politics, and statistical methods.
She is also an affiliated faculty member of the Woods Institute of the Environment 2011-2013 and a Faculty Fellow at the Stanford Center for International Development. This can be done across a local, regional, national and international scale. New York: American Political Science Association, pp. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Your donations allow us to invest in new open access titles and pay our bandwidth bills to ensure we keep our existing titles free to view. Third, statistical correlations among societies may not be independent.
London, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp37-49 Harrop, M. He also holds a courtesy appointment in the Stanford Graduate School of Business. David Holloway was born in Dublin, Ireland and educated at Cambridge University, where he received his undergraduate degree in Modern Languages and Literature and his PhD in Social and Political Sciences. The almost exclusive realization of case studies in Europe indicates that theory did not always drive the design and method, but that theory was fit to the need to do qualitative research. Avidit Avi Acharya is an assistant professor of political science at Stanford. The main shortcoming that is said about this method is that when comparing countries, since there are such a limited number of them, all potential factors of explanation can never be kept altogether constant. Perhaps someday I can turn editing back on again.