Mostly while students struggle is family problems. This view largely agrees with Nwana 1971 when he said that students are encouraged to cheat in most examination because they are jam-packed into halls and often have to share examination materials thereby gaining opportunity to work together. If to generalize, each action that will give one unfair advantage may be considered as examination malpractice. Examination Malpractice in Benue State Schools: The Way Forward. Counselling Implications School counsellors should endeavour to use their initiative and assist students to see educational certificates as a means to an end and not an end in itself. Teachers should he trained properly in their fields. Recommendations From the outcome of this research, the following are recommended: Education stake holders should take their responsibilities seriously.
Mokola, Ibadan: Esthom Graphics Prints. Assistance from Educational Stakeholders: Examination stakeholders include parents, teachers, lecturers, security agents, printers, and staff of examination bodies. They will not have any academic or moral values. Examination malpractice in Nigeria can also have a negative impact on the reputation of the institution. A good student should have faith that he or she will be able to make it in any examination if they've studied for a long time in preparation for the examination. Result Presentation Research Question One: Does the lack of educational facilities contribute to the incidence of examination malpractice in the Nigerian Education system? Quoting a tentative report by Usman, he maintained that if the staff, that is, all who have to do with examinations—examiners, typists, custodians, staff of examination bodies, printers, transporters, and security agents—put their house in order, students would not have access to examination materials before examinations. Reseach these laws for your state by performing an online search.
In this article, we will take a closer look at Definition of examination malpractice Examination malpractice can simply be defined as academic dishonesty or academic fraud. In Arizona a claim for attorney malpractice based on negligence and breach of fiduciary duty must be filed within 2 years of you learning that your financial damages were caused by lawyer negligence or breach of fiduciary duty. Also, the hypotheses in the study were tested using the Chi square statistic at. Students then only had to commit to memory, learn by rote, or through observation Ibia, 2006. Many students indulge in such practice because they want to achieve academic excellence and get good marks. Infact, it constitutes the most serious problem facing Nigeria educational system in general and secondary education in particular Adesina, 2005.
In some cases, these people smuggle out question papers from the halls, get people to solve the questions, and distribute the answers to the exam candidates and collect money in return. For instance, unethical behaviour such as illegal use of live question paper and impersonation were punishable by fine of N 2,000,00 or five years imprisonment or both, Nwana, 1982. It seems to have defiled solutions, so all antidotes applied so far have been faulted by fraudsters. Most researchers agree that in order to combat student fraud during examinations, a set of measures, both administrative and educational, is needed to increase interest in learning. Students may not be able to get all the needed information from the shortened version of the subjects. In most cases an expert lawyer is hired to testify about the standard of care, without which you cannot prove lawyer negligence.
Thus, students who believe that their peers do not approve of cheating are less likely to cheat. The study further recommend that parent should not put pressure on their children for good grades. And, the earlier we understand this, the easier it will be for us to live and work in the future. This phenomenon makes the learning process unfair. Till date, examinations still remain the best tool for an objective assessment and evaluation of what learners have achieved after a period of schooling. Some serve as hearing officers or on committees dealing with ethical issues and lawyer discipline. In fact, both of these notions can be used interchangeably.
Collection of money from candidates prior to examination dates by invigilators and supervisor to facilitate. Remote Causes and Counseling Implications of Examination Malpractice in Nigeria. It can occur outside or inside the classroom. Sometimes, some candidate do pay for two registration forms to enable achieve unfair advantage or disadvantage over others. They insult, embarrass, threaten and even assault invigilators and supervisors who failed to co-operate with them in their unholy and nefarious acts.
The outcome also shows that school location as well as type of school influence examination malpractice and that school administrators have various approaches that could be adopted to manage malpractices in school with a view to instituting an atmosphere of peace in the school. Schools need to conduct examinations as yardstick for assessment. There have been known cases of school teachers set question for their student favorites before the actual examination are conducted. In some cases, it prevents them from getting into a particular college because the cheating students have better scores. In this paper, quality assurance is examined as a practical solution to examination malpractice.
Management and Resolution of Conflict: Local and International Perspectives. It is a means of assessing the quality and quantity or performance that an individual has accumulated at the end of a teaching process which may spread over a period of seventeen weeks. More than N1 billion lost to Exam Fraud Yearly: says Onyechere, I. In view of this result, the third null hypothesis which claimed that poor study habit does not significantly worsen the problem of examination malpractice in Nigeria was rejected. It relates to the introduction of unauthorized materials e. It is recommends various ways of controlling the scourge.
The standard of care is what a reasonable lawyer should do under the circumstances of the representation. Examination malpractice is a major challenge confronting the Nigeriaeducation system on this twenty first century. This often is made possible through the collision between such cases. The data collected from respondents were analyzed with distribution tables and simple percentage. In Nigeria, education has been adopted as an instrument for national development. They thus collude with principals to issue fake but favourable examination results to their children.
Furthermore, from the findings of this research, appropriate measures to curb this menace will be suggested. At the end of the analysis the study revealed the major reasons for examination malpractice which include parental pressure for good grades, value attached to certificate and so on. Therefore, this research investigates remote causes of examination malpractice in Nigeria with a view to proffering effective methods for curbing the menace. It affects good students by showing them that cheating works. If the students do not comprehend with such a method, the teacher must apply another method. The tribunal recommended severe punitive measures.